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Our history and activity 勇善会の歴史と活動 フルコンタクト剛柔流への道 Last updateApril 26, 2015 
First of all, I satrt about Goju-Ryu Karate history. Becouse of my mainryuha is Goju-Ryu. I think Japanese Karate-ka must explain his genealogy from the founder to him.
It had been said that the root of Goju-Ryu was Chinese Wusyu, and that Kanryou Higaonna(1853~1916)) learnt it at China in the 19Century. However recently it has been proven that the root of Goju-Ryu existed in Okinawa before Kanryou Higaonna. Moreover,the Chinese Wusyu which is same Goju-Ryu doesn't exist in present China.(By the way, there is the big organization named Goju-Kai. It is the organization established by the graduates of the Ritsumeikan university (Kyoto) after World War II.(1951) The name of "Goju-Ryu" is not the meaning of "Karate of Goju-Kai". The name of Goju-Ryu has been existing before WW Ⅱ and used in various parts of Japan.The graduates of the university quoted the "Goju"from "Goju-ryu", and made their group name the"Goju-kai". Japanese "Kai" is a meaning of "Group". I want everybody not to misunderstand.
Goju-ryu has several folklores on its root. Strangely, the correctly name of Higaonna's Chinese master is not unknown. It is said that the name was "Ru-Ruko" or“Tu-Ruko".But they are quite different in meaning though their pronunciation seems alike.  “Ru-Ru” is the nickname of  Higaonna when he was in China The "Ryo" of Kanryo is pronounced "Ru" in Chinese. It is presumed that his nickname "Ryu-Ryu" was made from "Ryo" simply spoken two times. Historical actual existence can be confirmed to Tu-Ruko. Tu-Ruko is the Chinese martial artist "Jeng Lai-Gung" .He was the expert of "Bai He-Quan".It might be certain that he was one of the originators of GoJu-ryu. However, he is not the founder itself.
カキエによって剛柔流伝統の運動原理を体得する。地力と、円運動で働く丸い力を養う。The training of "Kakie" is effective to train the principle of the movement of Goju-Ryu. It's principle is "Round power" , "Round movement. "


It is presumed that the following six requirements complete Gojo-Ryu and/or Okinawan Karate.

① Kempo that existed in Kume Village in Okinawa from 1392. 

② Kempo of “Wai Shinzan” who came from China in the 19th Century.

③ Kempo of “Tu Ruko"who was Higaonna's teacher at China duaring 19th century

④ Techniques that Miyagi learned in China 90years before.

The technique originally developed by Miyagi.

Techniques that Miyagi learned from “Motobu Choyo” in the 20th century

Kume town in Naha City,Okinawa Prefecture,Japan
①Many scholars and professional skill person's groups came from China to Okinawa by the Chinese emperor's instruction in 1392. They came from Fuzhou in Fujian in China. And, they settled down in the kume village in Naha with the maximum trading port.
They were called "the 36 families in kume-village(久米三十六姓)". By the way, the word "36" is a metaphor of "so many". In them, there were some experts of military arts . They were the roots of Goju-Ryu Karate. It can be said that this historical event is a starting point of Gojuryu. That is, it can be said that Goju-Ryu Karate has the history for 600 years.
Gojuryu certainly has the technique and the theory based on the philosophy and the medicine of the deep Orient more than the imagination.
Afterwards, their descendant was the leader layer of diplomatic and of trade between China and Okinawa for 500 years. In the Goju-Ryu DOJO that values the tradition of Okinawa,the martial arts god "Kyu,Ten,Fu, Ka, In, DenTo,Gensui" (九天風火院田都元帥)is enshrined. It is the god of the folk customs belief (taoism) imported from China by them.
②Who are “Wai Shinzan” and ③"Tou Ruko?”

“Wai Shinzan” was Chinese martial artist and teacher of Aragaki Sesyo (teacher of Higaonna Kanryo).  His real name was Wang Daxing (王打興:1793?~1894?). He came to Okinawa twice, once in 1838 and once in 1866 as the military arts executive accompanying representatives of the Chinese government.  The pronunciation “Wai Shinzan” originates from “Wang Shijiang:王師匠” (meaning; Wang sensei).  Wai Shinzan had kept close relations with Shihan in Okinawa.  In the famous martial arts book “Bubishi”, mainly handed down to Gojo-Ryu, his philosophy is recorded .In this book,he was introduced his pen name"Wang Yuedeng王登岳.”  (“Bubishi” can be called the Bible of Gojo-Ryu.)  He can be regarded as one of the founders of Gojo-Ryu.  Matsumura Sokon, however was his student too, and his influences are also seen in Syuri-De (the roots of Syotokan-ryu and Shorin-ryu and Tomari-De.  For example, the names of kata such as “Wankan”, “Wansyu”, and “Unsu” originate in the alias named Wang Shijiang.  “Wankan” is the shortened form of “Wan-Bukan王武官”.  The bukan means the“martial bureaucrat.”  “Wansyo” is the shortened form of “Wang Shijiang” (meaning Wang sensei).  Unsu is the one that is the shortened form of “Wang Shijiang” and the pronunciation has changed.  Incidentally, he was a famous martial artist in the Chinese “White Crane Kung Fu”.  As a result, Karate was influenced from this type of Kung Fu.

Note:  Wai Shinzan = Wang Shijian = Wang Daxing = Wang Yuedang)

Bubishi"(武備志… It is said the Bible of Gojuryu.)

gojuryu bubishi bubishi 

 沖縄の武備志             中国の武備志(清王朝中期の手彩色本鶴拳拳譜) 沖縄伝武備志の原版
The Bubishi of Okinawa        The original edition"Genealogy of Fujian White Crane"(China in 17th century) 
“Tou Ruko” is presumed to be Higaonna Kanryo’s teacher.  Of course, this pronunciation is in the Okinawan language.  Therefore, there are various theories about “Tou Ruko.”  What does “Tou Ruko” have to do with the roots of Gojo-Ryu being similar to Wai Shinzan?  It is presumed that he was Ton Lee-Kun"鄭礼公", a Chinese expert of “Fujian White Crane.”  More specifics about Ton Lee Kung will be presented later.
Kanryou Higaonna (1853 – 1916) 東恩納 寛量 

kanryo higaonna              okinawa 19 century                                Okinawa in middle of the 19th century 
 
Kanryo Higaonna had three famous students -- Juhatsu Kyodo, Chojun Miyagi, and Seiko Higa. Juhatsu Kyodo is the first teacher of Kanki Izumikawa.(He was the oldest student of Seiko Higa.) Higaonna handed down four katas: Sanchin, Sesan, Sanseru, and Bettyurin. Bettyurin is assumed to be an alias of Suparinpei. There is the proven documentation that these kata had existed in Okinawa before Higaonna.
It has been believed Higaonna stayed in China for 10-30 years and learned Kung-Fu from the master named Tou Ruko (Ru Ruko). Recently, however, there is a new theory that hislength-of-stay in China was about three years, and his purpose was business. My master said there is no proof on Ru Ruko. Sometime,I heard that Higaonna certainly went to China.And he helped one child from big flood. So he came to learn Kung-Fu from the child’s father, but there is no proof that the father’s name was Tou Ruko.In old China, a young man was called his name's last character repeated twice.  In that case, Higaonna Kanryo would be called Ryo-Ryo or Ru-Ru.


 I convince that the name "Ru-Ruko" is not the name of Higaonna’s master but the Higaonna's Chinese name. In a word, Chinese name of Higaonna may have been misidentified with his master’s name.  Nowaday some Karateka come to China to look for the evidence of Ru-Ruko. And,of course, the master Ru-Ruko hadnot discovered. What they are really arguing about is  misunderstanding when they discover a Chinese master with a name that looks likes Ru-Ruko.  However, it is just a fantasy because the Kung-Fu correspond to Gojo-Ryu hadnot identified at all. By the way,the name “Tou Ruko” had been memorized by Higa Seiko.  Therefore, his reputation has not been compromised according to these facts.  Higaonna certainly revived the Naha-te that had gotten lost,and handed downit to future generations. As a result, Gojo-Ryu exists today.
Juhatsu Kyoda (1887-1968) 許田 重発

kyoda juhatsu He was the oldest student of Kanryo Higaonna.

He founded Touon-Ryu from the difference of  opinion with Miyagi. "Touon" is Higaonna variant pronunciation.Kyoda is the successor with accurate technique of Kanryo Higaonna. He is not modifying the technique of Kanryo Higaonna at all.KATA that he passed on to future generations is as following six . "SANCHIN,SESAN,SANSERU,BETTYURIN,JION,NEPAI"
He learnt JION from Kentsu Yabu(1866-1937) ,and NEPAI from Kenki Go(1886-1940). Therefore, KATA that Kanryo Higaonna owned is only four (SANCHIN, SESAN, SANSERU, and BEECHURIN). Moreover, common KATA to both has many difference. He criticized the trend of Chojun Miyagi and Goju-Ryu at all. He might have known various secrets concerning the Gojuryu birth.When his record and KATA of Touon-ryu are analyzed, it is guessed that Miyagi added a lot of improvements and additions to Karate of Higaonna. Such Miyagi's act seemed to be unpleasant for Kyoda.

kyoda jyuhatsukyoda jyuhatsukyoda jyuhatsu    Young Kyoda.From the movie before WW Ⅱ that had miraculously remained.
Chojun Miyagi(1888-1953)宮城 長順
④MIYAGI Chojun(the nick name was "Machu")had a major influence on the spread of Goju-Ryu Karate to Japan.He regularly visited the Kyoto area for a certain period of time in the 1930's.And he taught some university students. (Gogen Yamaguchi was one of the students at that time.)
It was natural that he had made the university student a customer for the social position improvement of Karate. Karate could get a credit from the nation only by becoming the school physical education subject. Syurite-Karate was alredy became the subject of the physical education in the secondary school in Okinawa from 1905."Heian(Pinan)1-5" are the KATA that Anko Itosu created as the teaching material for the school student at this time.Moreover, Gichin Funakoshi who was the student of Anko Itosu, migrated to Tokyo in 1922, and had taught Karate to a lot of university students. By the way, "Syoto" is the town name he lived.Naha-Karate had been greatly delayed starting compared with Syuri-Karate.
On the other hand, Miyagi brought up a lot of students in Okinawa.
Miyagi expanded upon the Karate of Higaonna, adding new and original elements to it, resulting in the completed form of Goju-Ryu.  The name “Goju-Ryu” was designated by Sinsato Jinan(1901~1945)who was his best apprentice in 1929.  
Miyagi was skeptic about the DAN system of Japan BUDO.It became the cause of the confusion of the Karate at later years.

yuzenkai
In the place (Kume town, Naha city) where Goju-Ryu was born, there is a commending stone monument dedicated Kanryo Higaonna and Chojun Miyagi.  Needless to say, they are initiators of Gojuryu.
gojuryu
沖縄県那覇市、剛柔流空手道発祥地に建つ東恩納寛量と宮城長順の顕彰碑

October 3, 2013.
gojuryuThree important messages from Miyagi had been carved for the other side of this monument.

1 We should know that a secret of Gojuryu Karate exists in Kata.
 剛柔流空手道の極意は型の中にあると知るべし

2 We should achieve a harmony of nature inside us by Gojuryu Karate .
 剛柔流空手道は己の内に天地自然の調和を表現すべきなり

3 We should pursue a moral character by Gojuryu Karate .
 剛柔流空手道は徳の道を追求するものなり

This monument had built in the birthplace of Nahate-Gojuryu. This place was called kume village in old times. The village was immigrant's village from China in 17 century. Martial arts that they had brought from China became prototypes of Nahate-Gojuryu.
 kyan chotoku,miyagi chojun,kyoda juhatsu<BR>.
①②③
①Chotoku Kyan
②Chojun Miyagi
③Juhatsu Kyoda
chojun miyagi  kyoda juhatsu④Kyoda and Miyagi when they were young. They were rival at the same time as the relation like the brother it
Gekisai1, Gekisai2, and Tensyo was Miyagi created. Higaonna's Suparinpei was handed down as Suparinpei which was improved and corrected by Miyagi.  Higaonna did not teach the kata named Suparinpei.  The Bettyurin Higaonna taught is maintained in Touon-Ryu of Kyoda today. Shito-Ryu also has the Suparinpei kata.And the kata is calledas Bettyurin. That kata is, however, the same as Superinpei of Goju-Ryu. It is clearly different from the Bettyurin kata of Touon-Ryu.  
Where then did Saifa, Seienchin, Shisouchin, Sepai, and Kururunfa come from? It turns out that there is documentation shows that Shisouchin existed before Higaonna.  In the opening operation, Seienchin, Sepai, and Kururunfa do not have sanchin operation.  They are, in fact, obviously different from other kata of Goju-ryu.  And these kata donot exist in Touon-Ryu of Kyoda. This means that Miyagi had had another teacher besides Higaonna. Who was he?
 It is presumed that the person who taught these kata to Miyaga is Motobu Choyu (1857-1928).Two or more testimonies exist about this.  Motobu Choyu was a member of the royal family in Okinawa.  This means he had access to many great masters of excellent studies, martial arts and arts from an early age.  Moreover, he was a great master of “Udon-di” that was handed down through the royal family.Motobu Choyu
Motobu Choyu (1857-1928)formed the "Okinawa Karate Research Club" in 1923 as a joint Karate research organization.  As a result, a lot of famous Karate masters participated in the club.  It so happens that Miyagi Chojun and Mabuni Kenwa took active roles as members in the club staff.  Motobu maintained several kata that were able to be known through association with the royal family, Miyagi Chojun learned many of the kata from Motobu.  It is believed that Saifa, Sisouchin, Seienchin, Sepai, and Kururunfa came from Motobu because the kata  all share similar techniques including joint locks, chokeholds, tighten holds, grappling holds, and throws that are common elements of Udon-di.  Motobu endeavored to advance Okinawan martial arts until his death in 1928.
 Motobu’s death along with divisions within the sect caused by financial difficulties resulted in the decline and eventual disappearance of the Okinawa Karate Research Clubgo kenkiAnother important person with roots in Goju-Ryu is Go Kenki (1886-1940).  Kenki was a naturalized person from China, and his martial arts lines are of Crane Kung-Fu.  Miyagi Chojun was always interested in this technique.  His strong influence can be seen in Tensyo and Suparinpei.  The “Kakufa” kata from Go Kenki is maintained in Higa Seko’s Goju-Ryu as a secret Kata.  It also appears that “Yantu” from Mas Oyama’s (Kyokushin’s) kata is along the lines of the same Kung-Fu. Mas Oyama was coming from Goju-Ryu.  It is said that Mas Oyama learned Yantu in Taiwan.
Sekō(Seiko) Higa (1898–1966) 比嘉 世幸
 
He was the relative and the last student of Kanryo Higaonna. And he studied under Chojun Miyagi who was the senior pupil at the time of the death of Higaonna,too.  The idea and action of of their Karate, however, were considerably different.

Chojun Miyagi thought of Karate as physical education, equal with Judo and Kendo.  Because he valued the school education. The first people he taught in Japan proper were university students who were part of the elite social class.  In contrast, Higa started succeeding to Naha-Di as a martial art with the center of his activity being Okinawa.  Kanryou Higaonna and Kanki Izumikawa were the relatives of each other.  Moreover, Higaonna and Higa’s father were the relatives and best friends.  In his boyhood, he was exposed to the Karate preaching of his father and Higaonna. It can be said that Goju-Ryu karate was Higaonna's and Higa's family martial art. Juhatsu Kyoda was Kanki Izunikawa’s teacher at primary school.
kanki izumikawa
Kanki Izumikawa
(1908 – 1969)泉川寛喜

Izumikawa’s first master was Juhatsu Kyoda.  They were relatives. And they were in student-teacher- relationship at elementary school, Naha.  He was the best student of Seiko Higa.  Izumikawa established his Dojo in 1934 as the first Goju-Ryu dojo in the east region of Japan.  Goju-Ryu Karate spread from his dojo to Hawaii and South America.  When Cyojun-Miyagi demonstrated in Hawaii,  Izumikawa's father had greatly helped him.  He was an authority Of Okinawa-Goju-Ryu in Japan main land until his death in 1969.








Yoshiaki Naganuma
長沼善秋(1944~)

yoshiaki naganumaHanshi Naganuma is the last Shihan who Kanki Izumikawa guided.He is the final generation that used Goju-Ryu Karate in the real fight. He always opposed the sports Karate, and persisted in original classicism.
After Izumikawa and his successor's unfortunate deaths, A lot of parties concerned selected uniting with JKF-Karate.However, Shihan Naganuma selected the succession of the tradition ,and established Yuzenkai with Izumikawa's old students that had used Karate in actual combat. Now he has been at the position as Hanshi 10thDAN in GOJU-RYU international KARATEDO-KOBUDO Union. In 2013,he transfered the position of Kancho to Shihan Omoto, and took the position as the supreme adviser of YUZENKAI. Old Goju-Ryu Karate before sports Karate was handed down to us by Shihan Naganuma and his senior Shihan Kato. The name of YUZENKAI is a synthesis of their last names. By the way, Hanshi Naganuma is also the famous Shihan of the traditional Japanese instrument “syakuhachi.”
YUZENKAI
Kazunori Omoto 尾本一則(1958~)
Kancho Omoto has been guieded Karate by Hanshi Naganuma since 1973. He also earned a Masters of Arts degree in the Waseda University Graduate School in 1982.
When he acquired his Black Belt, the Karate of Japan was facing an important pivotal turning point. There was a movement of integrating a fusion of various Kata, from various family trees within the curriculum of traditional Karate, into the Japan Karate Federation (JKF). Furthermore, though these Kata were similar in name and sometimes employed similar movement, the true interpretation and application of the Kata,in many cases, has become widely misunderstood. The results of Omoto ’s path, his choices, and his lifelong research are the subject matter of this website.

He lectured in Ethics as a high school teacher for 35 years. During the time period, he has also carefully guided and brought up generation after generation of high school students, athletes and Karate enthusiasts. From 1993 to 2013, he was at a position of Saiko Shiihan of WBKL Furinkazan Karatedo which established by Terutomo Yamazaki, the first Kyokushin champion (He is irrelevant to the organization now, though what reason it is, is not understood. )

Kancho Omoto's students have made extraordinary efforts, and acquired victories and various awards in the All-Japan Championships, the Tokyo area Karate Championship, and various municipality district championships. Some of them have become excellent Karate instructors. By the way, Karate in which Kancho guided at his high schools was JKF style according to the rules for high schools in Japan.

Kancho worked from 2006 to 2007 on the installation of the large-scale correspondence course public high school by e- learning as the superintendence.Moreover, he was involved in making educational TV of NHK (Japan Broadcasting Corporation) from 2008 to 2010 as the chairman of correspondence course by broadcasting. These his experiences have had a influence on the construction of this website.

Presently Kancho Omoto is a vice principal of a high school on one hand, while conversely blending in unity, his teaching of Karate to students, ranging from primary school to businessmen at the YUZENKAI, on the other hand. Because Kancho has strongly felt the necessity for the preservation and succession of old type Goju-Ryu, and he sincerely believes in the need for accurate philosophical and spiritual research on Karatedo, he has been teaching a special course in Goju-Ryu and Kobudo at his YUZENKAI Dojo. He also feels that the current study of traditional Japanese Karate lacks the proper philosophical and ethical research as well as true perspective. Through the Goju Ryu International KarateDo Kobudo Union and the Japan International KarateDo Kobudo Union(GIKKU), Kancho Omoto, since 2013, has started to “spread the fruits” of his 42 year journey of sincere study in Gojuryu Karatedo Kobudo to people in countries outside of Japan “by his own hand”at the same time as being authorized as Hanshi9thDAN in GIKKU.

What is Nahate-Gojuryu?
This word is not a word that indicates the RyuHa name (style name). This is a word that shows Yuzenkai's vision and mission. We are not trying to add a new novel style. We obtained the following conclusions as a result of researching Goju-Ryu for years. It is necessary to understand GojuRyu in terms of the Nahate category.In the Karate that belongs to the Nahate category,there are GojuRyu,TouonRyu,RyueiRyu, and UechiRyu.These Karate are in kinship, and their principle and combat thought are common.Especially,GojuRyu, ToonRyu, and RyueiRyu have a common founder named Tou Ryuko(Ryu-Ryuko).
We arepaying deep attention to this respect. (However, there is a difference betweenthem concerning the legend of RyuRyuko.); And in these Karate, common KATA exists. For instance, SESAN and SANSERU exist in all. SANCHIN exists in GojuRyu, ToonRyu, and UechiRyu. SEIENCHIN exists in GojuRyu and RyueiRyu.Of course, the same name KATA has some subtle differences. However, these differences are not essential. Furthermore, the difference becomes an important hint to interpret each KATA. We thought that it was of the greatest importance to recognize GojuRyu in the Nahate category. Four predecessors (schools)chose Nahate because of experience and the aspect, and GojuRyu.ToonRyu,RyueiRyu,and UechiRyu were created.To understand the truth of Gojuryu, We strongly believe that the same thinking in reverse, conversely, is necessary now. To understand the United States early history and culture, we would also have to know about the history and culture of Spain, Britain and France among other countries.Therefore, we choose to reexamine GojuRyu from the Karate category named Nahate.Nahate GojuRyu is a word that indicates such a vision and the mission. However, the truth of GojuRyu is meaningless if not verified by the combat of the reality. We must not, however do real combat in our Dojo to understand this. We also think that the verification of the truth is impossible in Yakusoku kumite. YUZENKAI has devised JiyuKumite unlimitedly similar to the actual combat of GojuRyu for that. It can likely to be called, so to speak, full contact GojuRyu. YUZENKAI is the succesor of the traditional technique of GojuRyu as a technique that can be used with free Kumite. We are devising full contact Kumite and light contact Kumite to use the technique in the GojuRyu 5 field composed of striking techniques;joint locktechniques;throwing,constriction techniques and grappling technique development. The real value of Gojuryu cannot be verified by the WKF method and the full contact method. We are learning and studying traditional Kobudo. In the school training and teaching to boys and girls, we guide sports Karate that values our basic philosophy. We strive to recognize overseas international Dojo to study Karate Kobudo as our partners. And, as they may feel necessary,we will assist in confirming and issuing DAN rankings according to their study results. For these Dan rankings, we will compile the appropriate curriculum, the syllabus, and contents. Moreover,YUZENKAI has enter a new stage as Trinity of GojuRyu, SyotokanRyu, and Kobudo. Along with this, we have set up the Japan International Kartedo Kobudo Union YUZENKAI. We do not hope for the expansion of the list of names (quantity).WeI would like to invite those who research KARATE from various aspects together. We also especially want to contribute to the region of developing countries where Japanese Karate Instructors were not previously available.
gojuryu internatinaol karatedo kobudo union yuzenkai japan
Shihans in Honbu Dojo
(Successors of YUZENKAI Japan)

Shihan
Masashi KOGA,5thDan Renshi

Shihan
Yusuke JOHTAKI,5thDan Renshi

Shihan
Takahiro INUI,4thDan

Shihandai
Keisuke UNO,3thDan
gojuryu internatinaol karatedo kobudo union yuzenkai japan
全空連式では剛柔流の組手は不可能だ。また、約束組手は重要な項目だが、約束はやはり約束だ。自由にコンタクトしあい、その流れの中で掴み・投げ・関節・固めを展開して相手を制する自由攻防なしには、剛柔流は型競技のみを指す呼称となるだろう。
The achievement of the essence of Gojuryu is impossible in the game by JKF rule. Yakusoku ( promised)- kumite is an important practice. However, the promise is the promise. The Jiyu-Kumite that admits contact,joint technique,throwing,constriction techniques and grappling technique are necessary . Otherwise, the Gojuryu will become the name only of the KATA game.
gojuryu internatinaol karatedo kobudo union yuzenkai japan
頭部や衣への掴みも一定時間許容されるべきである。Goju-Ryu Karate should allow the gripping to the head and clothes during the fixed time.
gojuryu internatinaol karatedo kobudo union yuzenkai japan

シソーチンの技を仕掛けた投げ
Technique for applying "SISOUCHIN".
  
  回し受けの練習 Mawashi-uke
Because "the Kama (Sickle)" is cutlery, it is the strongest in Karate-Weapon.
This photograph is one operation of Kata "Matayoshi no nicho-kama".This scene is a technique for cutting enemy's both arms all at once as soon as the defence to the enemy's attack. "Kama" is the Sickle that strengthened for the combat. It was not possible to take a picture of Kama's movement by video because "Kama" is the weapon that accelerated so much. 鎌は刃物であるだけに最強の空手武器だ。写真は型の一挙動で、身体を回転させつつ敵の攻撃を左鎌で切り払うと同時に敵の両肩を切り落とし、瞬時に鎌を上げ返して敵の両腕を切断する文字通りの必殺技である。切り落としは左右の鎌にわずかに時間差をつける。鎌はとても加速しやすい武器でビデオに軌跡が写らない。扱いが未熟だと自分の身体に深刻な損傷を与えるので注意が必要だ。鎌は厚い両刃を樫の柄に装着した戦闘用のものである。
ほんの数十年前まで、剛柔流空手のすべては東恩納寛量が中国福建省福州から持ち帰ったというのが定説だった。しかし近年の研究により、東恩納以前に那覇手の型は沖縄に実在したこと、東恩流と剛柔流の不一致の多さ、許田重発による宮城の改変への批判、昭和初期の沖縄唐手クラブにおける本部朝勇の主導権、摩文仁賢和が剛柔流から糸東流を名乗ることになった紛争、最近のこと(昭和初期)であるにもかかわらず剛柔流の型の伝承経路が不明という不自然さ、同一の流祖トゥールーコー(リュウリュウコウ)についての剛柔流と劉衛流の矛盾などが明らかになってきている。剛柔流空手は中国の武術の影響を受けてはいるが、そもそも同一の型が中国に存在しない。一見してわかるとおり、型の風格や演武の仕方は中国の武術と空手は全く違う。中国武術の型は練習動作の連続だが、空手の型は琉球の身体芸術が加味されている。演武線も中国のそれは横一直線がほとんどだが、空手は東西南北に身体を転換させつつ、始点に近い所に帰着するよう構成されている。空手の型は中国武術をヒントとしつつ、沖縄が生んだものである。中国から伝わった漢字からひらがなやカタカナが形成されたが、では日本語は中国語の一方言なのかというと、そうではない。漢字渡来以前から、中国語とは違う文法構造の日本語は存在してきた。空手の歴史も同様である。
それゆえ剛柔流の技や型を那覇手グループの中で分析・比較することが重要となる。那覇手に属する諸流派は「遺伝的に」同一または近親種にあり基本的な「DNA」を共有している。そこに見られる「発現形質」の相違への注目が、未解決な事案の解決につながり、謎を解く鍵になる。隠れてきた技や分解も浮上してくるであろう。もちろんそれらの技は、21世紀の技として通用しないと、ただの骨董趣味に終る。那覇手剛柔流という表現は以上を志向した呼称である。那覇手剛柔流空手道古武道勇善会館長 尾本一則 Kazunori OMOTO, Kancho of YUZENKAI                 
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