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Our history and activity 勇善会の歴史と活動 フルコンタクト剛柔流への道 Last update September22, 2014
First of all, I will talk about Goju-Ryu Karate history. The reason is that my Karate starts from Goju-Ryu; And if one is right and accountable to Japanese Karate-ka, one must be able to explain the family tree from the founder correctly.
It has been said that root of Goju-Ryu was Kun-Fu and that Kanryou Higaonna learnt it in China in the 19Century. Recently however, it has been proven that the roots of Goju-Ryu
existed in Okinawa before Kanryou Higaonna. Moreover,the Kun-fu which is the same a Goju-Ryu doesn't exist in present China.

gojuryu internatinaol karatedo kobudo union yuzenkai japan

Goju-ryu has several legends at its root. Strangely, the name of the Chinese master of Higaonna is not understood. It is said that his name was "Ru-Ruko" or“Tu-Ruko"but they are quite different in meaning thoughtheir pronunciation seems alike.  “Ru-Ru” is a nickname for  Higaonna when he studied in China as the "Ryo" of Kanryo is pronounced "Ru" in Chinese. It is presumed that his nickname "Ryu-Ryu" was made from "Ryo"andsimply spoken two times. Historical actual existence can be confirmed to Tu-Ruko. Tu-Ruko is the Chinese martial artist "Jeng Lai-Gung" He was an expert of "Bai He-Quan".

It might be certain that he was one of the originators of GoJu-Ryu. However, he is not at all a founder .

It is presumed that the following six requirements complete Gojo-Ryu and/or Okinawan Karate.

① Kempo that existed in Kume Village in Okinawa from 1392. 

② Kempo of “Wai Shinzan” who came from China in the 19th Century.

③ Kempo of “Tu Ruko"who was Higaonna's teacher at China duaring 19th century

④ Techniques that Miyagi learned in China 90years before.

The technique originally developed by Miyagi.

Techniques that Miyagi learned from “Motobu Choyo” in the 20th century


Kume town in Naha City,Okinawa Prefecture
①Many scholars and professional skill person's groups came from China to Okinawa by the Chinese emperor's instruction in 1392. They came from Fuzhou in Fujian in China. And, they settled down in the kume village in Naha with the maximum trading port.
They were called "the 36 families in kume-village(久米三十六姓)". By the way, the word "36" is a metaphor of "so many". In them, there were some experts of military arts . They were the roots of Goju-Ryu Karate. It can be said that this historical event is a starting point of Gojuryu. That is, it can be said that Goju-Ryu Karate has the history for 600 years.
Gojuryu certainly has the technique and the theory based on the philosophy and the medicine of the deep Orient more than the imagination.
Afterwards, their descendant was the leader layer of diplomatic and of trade between China and Okinawa for 500 years. In the Goju-Ryu DOJO that values the tradition of Okinawa,the martial arts god "Kyu,Ten,Fu, Ka, In, DenTo,Gensui" (九天風火院田都元帥)is enshrined. It is the god of the folk customs belief (taoism) imported from China by them.

②Who are “Wai Shinzan” and ③"Tou Ruko?”


These are the pronunciations of an old Okinawan language.

“Wai Shinzan” was a Chinese martial artist and teacher of ARAGAKI Sesyo (teacher of HIGAONNA Kenryo).  His real name was WANG Daxing (王打興:1793?~1894?). He came to Okinawa twice, once in 1838 and once in 1866 – as a military arts executive accompanying representatives ofthe Chinese government.  The pronunciation “Wai Shinzan” originates from “Wang Shijiang:王師匠” (meaning the way of Wang Sensei).  Wai Shinzan had kept close relations with Shihan in Okinawa.  In the martial arts book “BuBushi”, mainly handed down to Gojo-Ryu, his philosophy is recorded with his pen name “WANG Yuedeng王登岳.”  (“BuBushi” can be called the Bible of Gojo-Ryu.)  He can be regarded as one of the founders of Gojo-Ryu.  MATUMURA Sokon, however was his student too, and his influences are also seen in Syuri-De (the roots of Syotokan-Ryu (Shotokan- Ryu) and Shorin-Ryu) and Tomari-De.  For example, the names of kata such as “Wankan,” “Wansyu,” and “Unsu” originate in the alias named Wang Shijiang.  “Wankai” is a shortened form of “Wan-Bukan王武官”.  Bukan takes its meaning from “martial bureaucrat.”  “Wansyo” is a shortened form of “Wang Shijiang” (meaning Wang Sensei).  Unsu is the one that is the shortened form of “Wang Shijiang” and the pronunciation has changed.  Incidentally, he was a famous martial artist in the Chinese “White Crane Kung Fu” style.  As a result Karate was influenced from this type of Kung Fu.

(Note:  Wai Shinzan = Wang Shijian = Wang Daxing = Wang Yuedang)


Bubishi"(武備志… It is said the Bible of Gojuryu.)

gojuryu bubishi bubishi 

 沖縄の武備志             中国の武備志(清王朝中期の手彩色本鶴拳拳譜) 沖縄伝武備志の原版
The Bubishi of Okinawa        The original edition"Genealogy of Fujian White Crane"(China in 17th century) 
“Tou Ruko” is presumed to be HIAGONNA Kanryo’s teacher.  Of course, this pronunciation is in the Okinawan language.  Therefore, there are various theories about “Tou Ruko.”  What does “Tou Ruko” have to do with the roots of Gojo-Ryu being similar to Wai Shinzan?  It is presumed perhaps that he was Ton Lee-Kun"鄭礼公", a Chinese expert of “Fujian White Crane.”  More specifics about Ton Lee Kung will be presented later.

 Kanryou Higaonna (1853 – 1916) 東恩納 寛量 


kanryo higaonna              okinawa 19 century                           Okinawa in middle of the 19th century 
 

Kanryu Higaonna had three famous students -- Juhatsu Kyodo, Chojun Miyagi, and Seko Higa.  Kanki Izumikawa learned the fundamentals from Juhatsu Kyodo and became the oldest student of Seko Higa.  Higaonna handed down four kata:  Sanchin, Sesan, Sanseru, and Bettyurin.  Bettyurin is assumed to be an alias of Suparinpei. There is also a reason however, that this may not be true.  There is proven documentation that these kata had existed in Okinawa before Higaonna.  It has been believed Higaonna stayed in China for 10-30 years and learned Kung-Fu from a master named Tou Ruko (Ru Ruko).  Recently, however, there is a new theory that the length of time he stayed in China was about three years, the purpose being for business.  My master said that there is no proof of the existence of Ruruko.  What is known is that Higaonna certainly went to China, and it is known that he helped a child during a flood.  He came to learn Kung-Fu from the child’s father, but there is no proof that the father’s name was Tou Ruko and that he was a Kung-Fu master.  In China, when a man calls to a younger man, it is custom for the last character of the younger man’s name to be repeated twice.  In that case, Higaonna Kanryo would be called Ryo-Ryo or Ru-Ru in Chinese.

 We are convinced that the name of Ru-Ruko is not the name of Higaonna’s master but of a Chinese with the name of Higaonna.  A Chinese with the name of name of Higaonna may have been misidentified with his master’s name.  Still, people travel to China looking for Ru-Ruko. Of course, the person whose name was Ru-Ruko would probably never be discovered. What they are really arguing about is  misunderstanding when they discover a Chinese master with a name that looks likes Ru-Ruko.  However, it is just a fantasy because the Kung-Fu of the person they think they identified does not correspond to Gojo-Ryu at all.  However the name “Tou Ruko” had been memorized by HIGA Seko.  Therefore, his reputation has not been compromised according to these facts.  Higaonna was able to compile into a system the history of Nafa-de that had gotten lost and was able to pass it on to future generations.  As a result, Gojo-Ryu exists today.


Juhatsu Kyoda(1887–1968)許田 重発

kyoda juhatsu


He was the oldest student of Kanryo Higaonna.

He founded Touon-Ryu from the difference of  opinion with Miyagi. "Touon" is Higaonna variant pronunciation.Kyoda is a successor with accurate technique of a certain meaning and Kanryo Higaonna. He is not modifying the technique of Kanryo Higaonna at all.KATA that he passed on to future generations is as following six . "SANCHIN,SESAN,SANSERU,BETTYURIN,JION,NEPAI"
He learnt JION from Kentsu Yabu(1866-1937) ,and NEPAI from Kenki Go(1886-1940). Therefore, KATA that Kanryo Higaonna owned is only four (SANCHIN, SESAN, SANSERU, and BEECHURIN). Moreover, common KATA to both has many difference. He criticized the trend of Chojun Miyagi and Goju-Ryu at all. He might have known various secrets concerning the Gojuryu birth.When his record and KATA of Touon-ryu are analyzed, it is guessed that MIYAGI added a lot of improvements and additions to Karate of HIGAONNA. Such Miyagi's act might have been unpleasant for Kyoda.


kyoda jyuhatsukyoda jyuhatsukyoda jyuhatsu   
 "Tensyo" of Kyoda.From the movie before WW Ⅱ that had miraculously remained.


 Chojun Miyagi(1888-1953)宮城 長順
chojun miyagi

④MIYAGI Chojun(his nick name was "Machu")had a major influence on the spread of Goju-Ryu Karate to Japan.He regularly visited the Kansai area in Japan for a certain period of time in the 1930's.And he taught some university students. (Gogen Yamaguchi was one of the students at that time. )
It was natural that he had made the university student a customer for the social position improvement of Karate. Karate could get a credit from the nation only by becoming the school physical education subject. Syurite-Karate was alredy became the subject of the physical education in the secondary school in Okinawa from 1905."Heian(Pinan)1-5" are the KATA that Anko Itosu created as the teaching material for the school student at this time.Moreover, Gichin Funakoshi who was the student of Anko Itosu, migrated to Tokyo in 1922, and had taught Karate to a lot of university students. By the way, "Syoto" is the town name he lived.Naha-Karate had been greatly delayed starting compared with Syuri-Karate.
On the other hand, Miyagi brought up a lot of students in Okinawa.
Miyagi expanded upon the Karate of Higaonna, adding new and original elements to it, resulting in the completed form of Goju-Ryu.  The name “Goju-Ryu” was designated by Niisato Jinan who was his best apprentice in 1929.  
Miyagi was skeptic about the DAN system of Japan BUDO.It became the cause of the confusion of the Karate field at later years.

yuzenkai  kyan chotoku,miyagi chojun,kyoda juhatsu<BR>
①②③
①Chotoku Kyan
②Chojun Miyagi
③Juhatsu Kyoda

In the place (Kume town, Naha city) where Goju-Ryu was born, there is a commending stone monument dedicated Kanryo Higaonna and Chojun Miyagi.

 

chojun miyagi  kyoda juhatsu  ④Kyoda and Miyagi when they were young. They were rival at the same time as the relation like the brother it

⑤Gekisai1, Gekisai2, and Tensyo are the kata that Miyagi created.  Suparinpei is the kata that was handed down by Bettyurin which was improved and corrected by Miyagi.  Higaonna did not teach the kata named Sanparinpei.  The Bettyurin that Higaonna taught is maintained with Touon-Ryu that is in the direct line of Higaonna and Kyoda today.  Shito-Ryu has the Suparinpei kata but the kata is known as Bettyurin in that school.  That kata is, however, the same as Superinpei of Goju-Ryu.  It is clearly different from the Bettyurin kata of Touon-Ryu.  

Where then did Saifa, Seienchin, Shisouchin, Sepai, and Kururunfa kata come from? It turns out that there is documentation shows that Shisouchin existed before Higaonna.  The opening operation of Saifa, Seienchin, Sepai, and Kururunfa do not have sanchin operation.  They are, in fact, obviously different from other kata of Goju-ryu.  Moreover, these kata do not exist in Touon-Ryu that is in the direct line of Higaonna and Kyoda.  This means Miyagi must have had another teacher besides Higaonna.  Who was he?


⑥It is presumed that the person who taught these kata to Miyaga is Motobu Choyu (1857-1928).Two or more testimonies exist about this.  Motobu Choyu was a member of the royal family in Okinawa.  This means he had access to many great masters of excellent studies, martial arts and arts from an early age.  Moreover, he was a great master of “Udon-di” that was handed down through the royal family.

 Motobu Choyu formed the "Okinawa Karate Research Clubin 1923 as a joint Karate research organization.  As a result, a lot of famous Karate masters participated in the club.  It so happens that Miyagi Chojun and Mabuni Kenwa took active roles as members in the club staff.  Motobu maintained several kata that were able to be known through association with the royal family, Miyagi Chojun learned many of the kata from Motobu.  It is believed that Saifa, Sisouchin, Seienchin, Sepai, and Kururunfa came from Motobu because the kata  all share similar techniques including joint locks, chokeholds, tighten holds, grappling holds, and throws that are common elements of Udon-di.  Motobu endeavored to advance Okinawan martial arts until his death in 1928.

 Motobu’s death along with divisions within the sect caused by financial difficulties resulted in the decline and eventual disappearance of the Okinawa Karate Research Club

 Another important person with roots in Goju-Ryu is Go Kenki (1886-1940).  Kenki was a naturalized person from China, and his martial arts lines are of Crane Kung-Fu.  Miyagi Chojun was always interested in this technique.  His strong influence can be seen in Tensyo and Suparinpei.  The “Kakufa” kata from Go Kenki is maintained in Higa Seko’s Goju-Ryu as a secret Kata.  It also appears that “Yantu” from Mas Oyama’s (Kyokushi-Kai’s) kata is along the lines of the same Kung-Fu. Mas Oyama was coming from Goju-Ryu.  It is said that Mas Oyama learned Yantu in Taiwan.

 Motobu Choyugo kenki
Motobu Choyu(1857-1928)   Go Kenki.( 1886~1940)


Sekō(Seiko) Higa (1898–1966) 比嘉 世幸


He was yhe relative and the last student of Kanryo Higaonna. And he studied under Chojun Miyagi who was the senior pupil at the time of the death of Higaonna,too.  The idea and action of of their Karate, however, were considerably different.

Chojun Miyagi thought of Karate as physical education, equal with Judo and Kendo.  Because he valued the school education. The first people he taught in Japan proper were university students who were part of the elite social class.  In contrast, Higa started succeeding to Naha-Di as a martial art with the center of his activity being Okinawa.  Kanryou Higaonna and Kanki Izumikawa were the relatives of each other.  Moreover, Higaonna and Higa’s father were the relatives and best friends.  In his boyhood, he was exposed to the Karate preaching of his father and Higaonna. It can be said that Goju-Ryu karate was Higaonna's and Higa's family martial art. Juhatsu Kyoda was Kanki Izunikawa’s teacher at primary school.

kanki izumikawa

Kanki Izumikawa  (1908 – 1969)泉川 寛喜


Izumikawa’s first master was Juhatsu Kyoda.  They were relatives.  Moreover, there was a relationship between the student and teacher in elementary school.  He was the best student of Seko Higa.  His dojo, which was established in 1934, was the first Goju-Ryu dojo of the east region of Japan.  Goju-Ryu Karate spread from his dojo to foreign countries including Hawaii and South America.  When Miyagi demonstrated Goju-Ryu in Hawaii, he was greatly helped by Izunikawa’s father.  He was an authority Of Goju-Ryu in Japan proper until his death in 1969.
YUZENKAI
yoshiaki naganuma

Yoshiaki Naganuma長沼善秋(1944~)

Hanshi Naganuma is the last actual combat Karateka who Kanki Izumikawa guided.He is the final generation used Goju-Ryu Karate in the real fight. The technique verified by that experience is abundant. (Such an experiment is legally impossible in Japan today.)He criticized the sports Goju-Ryu Karate and established YUZENKAI in 1993. He is the Hanshi 10thDAN in GOJU-RYU international KARATEDO-KOBUDO Union.  He transfers the position of Kancho to Shihan Omoto, and is the supreme adviser of YUZENKAI now. Japan Goju-Ryu Karate before the age of sports was preserved by his and his group and handed down to us.The KATA and the technique before JKF/WFK were succeeded to Shihan Omoto by Shihan Naganuma and his senior Shihan Isamu Kato. The name of YUZENKAI is a synthesis of a part of the name of their. His maxim is "A true expert is the person who flawlessly catches the enemy.(The person who damages the enemy is not an expert.)"By the way, He is also the Shihan of the traditional Japanese instrument “syakuhachi.”

Kazunori Omoto 尾本一則(1958~)

Kancho Omoto has been studying Karate under Hanshi Naganuma (who was the last student of Hanshi Izumikawa) since 1973. He also earned a Masters of Arts degree in Comparative and International Education from the Waseda University Graduate School of Education, Tokyo, Japan in 1982.
When he acquired his Black Belt, the Karate of Japan was facing an important pivotal turning point. There was a movement of integrating a fusion of various Kata, from various family trees within the curriculum of traditional Karate, into the Japan Karate Federation (JFK). Furthermore, though these Kata were similar in name and sometimes employed similar movement, the true interpretation and application of the Kata,in many cases, has become widely misunderstood. The results of Omoto Sensei’s path, his choices, and his lifelong research are the subject matter of this website.

He lectured in Ethics as a high school teacher for 32 years. During the time period, he has also carefully guided and brought up generation after generation of high school students, athletes and Karate enthusiasts. From 1993 to 2013, he was a position of Saioko Shiihan of WBKL Furinkazan Karatedo which Terutomo Yamazaki, the first champion of Kyokushin, was an originator.

Kancho Omoto's students have made extraordinary efforts, and acquired victories and various awards in the All-Japan Karate Championships (Zen Nihon Senshuken Karate Taikai), the Tokyo Metropolitan Area Karate Championships (Wangan Chi i ki Taikai, the Pacific Ocean District Championships (Taiheiyou Chi i ki Taikai), and various municipality district championships. Some of them have become excellent Karate instructors. The Karate instruction in which Omoto Sensei guided his high schools was a general JKF style according to the rules for high schools in Japan.

He worked from 2006 to 2007 on the installation of the large-scale correspondence course public high school by e- learning as the superintendence.Moreover, he was involved in making educational TV of NHK (Japan Broadcasting Corporation) from 2008 to 2010 as the chairman of correspondence course by broadcasting. These his experiences have had a big influence on the construction of this website.

Presently Kancho Omoto is a vice principal of a public high school on one hand, while conversely blending in unity, his teaching of Karate to students, ranging from primary school to businessmen at the YUZENKAI DOJO, on the other hand. Because Kancho Omoto has strongly felt the necessity for the preservation and succession of ancient Goju-Ryu, and he sincerely believes in the need for accurate philosophical and spiritual research on Karatedo, he has been teaching a special course in Goju-Ryu and Kobudo at his YUZENKAI DOJO in Japan. He also feels that the current study of traditional Japanese Karate lacks the proper philosophical and ethical research as well as true perspective. Through the Goju Ryu International KarateDo Kobudo Union and the Japan International KarateDo Kobudo Union(GIKKU/JIKKU), Kancho Omoto, since 2013, has started to “spread the fruits” of his 40 year journey of sincere study in Gojuryu Karatedo Kobudo to people in countries outside of Japan “by his own hand”at the same time as being authorized as Hanshi9th DAN.

What is Nahate-Gojuryu?
This word is not a word that indicates the RyuHa name (style name). This is a word that shows my vision and mission. I am not trying to add a new novel style. I obtained the following conclusions as a result of researching Goju-Ryu for years. It is necessary to understand GojuRyu in terms of the Nahate category.In the Karate that belongs to theNahate category,there are GojuRyu,ToonRyu,RyueiRyu, and UechiRyu.These Karate are in kinship, and their principle and combat thought are common.Especially,GojuRyu, ToonRyu, and RyueiRyu have a common founder named RyuRyuko. I am paying deep attention to this respect. (However, there is a difference betweenthem concerning the legend of RyuRyuko.); And in these Karate, common KATA exists. For instance, SESAN and SANSERU exist in all. SANCHIN exists in GojuRyu, ToonRyu, and UechiRyu. SEIENCHIN exists in GojuRyu and RyueiRyu.Of course, the same name KATA has some subtle differences. However, these differences are not essential. Furthermore, the difference becomes an important hint to interpret each KATA. I thought that it was of the greatest importance to recognize GojuRyu in the Nahate category. Four predecessors (schools)chose Nahate because of experience and the aspect, and GojuRyu.ToonRyu,RyueiRyu,and UechiRyu were created.To understand the truth of Gojuryu, I strongly believe that the same thinking in reverse, conversely, is necessary now. To understand the United States early history and culture, we would also have to know about the history and culture of Spain, Britain and France among other countries.Therefore, I choose to reexamine GojuRyu from the Karate category named Nahate.Nahate GojuRyu is a word that indicates such a vision and the mission. However, the truth of GojuRyu is meaningless if not verified by the combat of the reality. We must not, however do real combat in our Dojo to understand this. We also think that the verification of the truth is impossible in Yakusoku kumite. YUZENKAI has devised JiyuKumite unlimitedly similar to the actual combat of GojuRyu for that. It can likely to be called, so to speak, full contact GojuRyu. YUZENKAI is the succesor of the traditional technique of GojuRyu as a technique that can be used with free Kumite. We are devising full contact Kumite and light contact Kumite to use the technique in the GojuRyu 5 field composed of striking techniques;joint locktechniques;throwing,constriction techniques and grappling technique development. The real value of Gojuryu cannot be verified by the WKF method and the full contact method. We are learning and studying traditional Kobudo. In the school training and teaching to boys and girls, we guide sports Karate that values our basic philosophy. We strive to recognize overseas international Dojo to study Karate Kobudo as our partners. And, as they may feel necessary,we will assist in confirming and issuing DAN rankings according to their study results. For these Dan rankings, we will compile the appropriate curriculum, the syllabus, and contents. Moreover,YUZENKAI has enter a new stage as Trinity of GojuRyu, SyotokanRyu, and Kobudo. Along with this, we have set up the Japan International Kartedo Kobudo Union YUZENKAI. I do not hope for the expansion of the list of names (quantity). I would like to invite those who research KARATE from various aspects together. We also especially want to contribute to the region of developing countries where Japanese Karate Instructors were not previously available.

gojuryu internatinaol karatedo kobudo union yuzenkai japan




Shihans in Honbu Dojo
(Successors of YUZENKAI Japan)

Shihan
Masashi KOGA,5thDan Renshi

Shihan
Yusuke JOHTAKI,5thDan Renshi

Shihan
Takahiro INUI,4thDan

Shihandai
Keisuke UNO,3thDan
gojuryu internatinaol karatedo kobudo union yuzenkai japan
全空連式では剛柔流の体現は不可能だ。コンタクトして、掴み・投げ・関節・固めを許容した自由攻防をしなくては、剛柔流は型演武の際の呼称だけの存在と化すだろう。
The achievement of the essence of Gojuryu is impossible in the game by the rule of JKF. The Jiyu-Kumite that admits contact,joint technique,throwing,constriction techniques and grappling technique are necessary . Otherwise, the Gojuryu will become the name only of the KATA game.

gojuryu internatinaol karatedo kobudo union yuzenkai japan
頭部や衣への掴みも一定時間許容されるべきである。Goju-Ryu Karate should allow the gripping to the head and clothes during the fixed time.
gojuryu internatinaol karatedo kobudo union yuzenkai japan
シソーチンの技を仕掛けた投げ
Technique for applying "SISOUCHIN".
ほんの数十年前まで、剛柔流空手のすべては東恩納寛量が福州から持ち帰ったというのが定説でした。しかし昨今の研究の進展は、東恩納以前に那覇手の型が実在したこと、東恩流と剛柔流の不一致が大きいこと、東恩納寛量の後継者である許田重発の宮城長順への批判、昭和初期の沖縄唐手クラブにおける本部朝勇のイニシアチブと宮城らへの型指導、当初は剛柔流を名乗っていた摩文仁賢和がほどなく糸東流を名乗り始めた経緯、歴史的につい最近(大正~昭和初期)のことであるのに剛柔流の主要な型の伝承経路が不明という不自然さ、トゥールーコー(リュウリュウコウ)をめぐる剛柔流と劉衛流の相違等がつまびらかになっています。そこで技そのものを那覇手へ還元して考察する、すなわち剛柔流の技や型を、那覇手という全体像の中で客観的に比較・検討することが重要となります。それにより剛柔流についての理解が深まり、従来見えなかった技や分解も浮上してくると考えます。那覇手に属する諸流派は、源流が同一もしくは近接しており、戦闘原理や型を全部または部分的に共有しています。それらの相違が自流な不明確な部分の解決につながり、それぞれの謎を解く鍵になると思います。いわばキリスト教がユダヤ教という母体との比較において、仏教がバラモン教という母体との比較において、より尖鋭に理解されるのと同じです。もちろんそれらの研究は21世紀の技として通用しないと、ただの骨董趣味に終るでしょう。那覇手剛柔流という表現は以上を志向した呼称です。
那覇手剛柔流空手道古武道勇善会館長 尾本一則 Kazunori OMOTO, Kancho of YUZENKAI                 
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