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|Our history and activity 勇善会の歴史と活動 フルコンタクト剛柔流への道 Last update January 1, 2014
First of all, I will talk about Goju-Ryu Karate history." The reason is that my Karate starts from Goju-Ryu; And if one is right and accountable to Japanese Karate-ka, one must be able to explain the family tree from the founder to himself correctly.
It has been said that root of Goju-Ryu was Kun-Fu and that Kanryou Higaonna learnt it in China in the 19th Century. Recently however, it has been proven that the roots of Goju-Ryu existed in Okinawa before Kanryou Higaonna. Moreover,the Kun-fu which is the same as Goju-Ryu doesn't exist in present China.
Goju-ryu has several legends at its root. Strangely, the name of the Chinese master of Higaonna is not understood. It is said that his name was "Ru-Ruko" or“Tu-Ruko"but they are quite different in meaning thoughtheir pronunciation seems alike. “Ru-Ru” is a nickname for Higaonna when he studied in China as the "Ryo" of Kanryo is pronounced "Ru" in Chinese. It is presumed that his nickname "Ryu-Ryu" was made from "Ryo"andsimply spoken two times. Historical actual existence can be confirmed to Tu-Ruko. Tu-Ruko is the Chinese martial artist "Jeng Lai-Gung" He was an expert of "Bai He-Quan".It might be certain that he was one of the originators of GoJu-Ryu. However, he is not at all a founder .
It is presumed that the following six requirements complete Gojo-Ryu and/or Okinawan Karate:
1. Kempo that existed in Kume Village in Okinawa from long ago.
2. Kempo of “Wai Shinzan” who came from China in the 19th Century.
3. Kempo of “Tu Ruko” who was Higaonna’s teacher in China during the 19th Century.
4. Techniques that Miyagi learned in China 90 years before.
5. Techniques that Miyagi learned from “Motobu Choyo” in the 20th century.
6. The technique originally developed by Miyagi.
Who are “Wai Shinzan” and "Tou Ruko?”
(These are the pronunciations of an old Okinawan language.
“Wai Shinzan” was a Chinese martial artist and teacher of ARAGAKI Sesyo (teacher of HIGAONNA Kenryo). His real name was WANG Daxing (王打興：1793?~1894?). He came to Okinawa twice, once in 1838 and once in 1866 – as a military arts executive accompanying representatives ofthe Chinese government. The pronunciation “Wai Shinzan” originates from “Wang Shijiang：王師匠” (meaning the way of Wang Sensei). Wai Shinzan had kept close relations with Shihan in Okinawa. In the martial arts book “BuBushi”, mainly handed down to Gojo-Ryu, his philosophy is recorded with his pen name “WANG Yuedeng王登岳.” (“BuBushi” can be called the Bible of Gojo-Ryu.) He can be regarded as one of the founders of Gojo-Ryu. MATUMURA Sokon, however was his student too, and his influences are also seen in Syuri-De (the roots of Syotokan-Ryu (Shotokan- Ryu) and Shorin-Ryu) and Tomari-De. For example, the names of kata such as “Wankan,” “Wansyu,” and “Unsu” originate in the alias named Wang Shijiang. “Wankai” is a shortened form of “Wan-Bukan王武官”. Bukan takes its meaning from “martial bureaucrat.” “Wansyo” is a shortened form of “Wang Shijiang” (meaning Wang Sensei). Unsu is the one that is the shortened form of “Wang Shijiang” and the pronunciation has changed. Incidentally, he was a famous martial artist in the Chinese “White Crane Kung Fu” style. As a result Karate was influenced from this type of Kung Fu.
(Note: Wai Shinzan = Wang Shijian = Wang Daxing = Wang Yuedang)
Bubishi"(武備志… It is said the Bible of Gojuryu.)
沖縄の武備志 中国の武備志(清王朝中期の手彩色本 鶴拳拳譜) 沖縄伝武備志の原版
The Bubishi of Okinawa The original edition"Genealogy of Fujian White Crane"(China in 17th century)
|“Tou Ruko” is presumed to be HIAGONNA Kanryo’s teacher. Of course,
this pronunciation is in the Okinawan language. Therefore, there
are various theories about “Tou Ruko.” What does “Tou Ruko” have
to do with the roots of Gojo-Ryu being similar to Wai Shinzan? It
is presumed perhaps that he was Ton Lee-Kun"鄭礼公", a Chinese expert
of “Fujian White Crane.” More specifics about Ton Lee Kung will be
Okinawa at the time (19 century)
Kanryu Higaonna had three famous students -- Juhatsu Kyodo, Chojun Miyagi, and Seko Higa. Kanki Izumikawa learned the fundamentals from Juhatsu Kyodo and became the oldest student of Seko Higa. Higaonna handed down four kata: Sanchin, Sesan, Sanseru, and Bettyurin. Bettyurin is assumed to be an alias of Suparinpei. There is also a reason however, that this may not be true. There is proven documentation that these kata had existed in Okinawa before Higaonna. It has been believed Higaonna stayed in China for 10-30 years and learned Kung-Fu from a master named Tou Ruko (Ru Ruko). Recently, however, there is a new theory that the length of time he stayed in China was about three years, the purpose being for business. My master said that there is no proof of the existence of Ruruko. What is known is that Higaonna certainly went to China, and it is known that he helped a child during a flood. He came to learn Kung-Fu from the child’s father, but there is no proof that the father’s name was Tou Ruko and that he was a Kung-Fu master. In China, when a man calls to a younger man, it is custom for the last character of the younger man’s name to be repeated twice. In that case, Higaonna Kanryo would be called Ryo-Ryo or Ru-Ru in Chinese.
We are convinced that the name of Ru-Ruko is not the name of Higaonna’s
master but of a Chinese with the name of Higaonna. A Chinese with
the name of name of Higaonna may have been misidentified with his master’s
name. Still, people travel to China looking for Ru-Ruko. Of course,
the person whose name was Ru-Ruko would probably never be discovered. What
they are really arguing about is misunderstanding when they discover a Chinese master with a name that looks likes Ru-Ruko.
However, it is just a fantasy because the Kung-Fu of the person they
think they identified does not correspond to Gojo-Ryu at all. However
the name “Tou Ruko” had been memorized by HIGA Seko. Therefore, his
reputation has not been compromised according to these facts. Higaonna
was able to compile into a system the history of Nafa-de that had gotten
lost and was able to pass it on to future generations. As a result,
Gojo-Ryu exists today.
Juhatsu Kyoda(1887–1968)許田 重発
He was the oldest student of Kanryo Higaonna.
He founded Touon-Ryu from the difference of opinion with Miyagi.
"Touon" is Higaonna variant pronunciation..
Young Kyoda (Movie before WW Ⅱ that had miraculously remained) "Tensyo"
Chojun Miyagi(1888-1953)宮城 長順
Miyagi had a major influence on the spread of Goju-Ryu Karate to Japan. He taught many students of universities in region of western Japan. And many students were also taught at his dojo in Okinawa. Miyagi expanded upon the Karate of Higaonna, adding new and original elements to it, resulting in the completed form of Goju-Ryu. The name “Goju-Ryu” was designated by Niisato Jinan who was his best apprentice in 1929. The three kata that Higaonna taught Migagi were Sanchin, Sesan, and Suparinpei. Miyagi did not learn Sanseru directly from Higaonna but was tajght this kata by Kyoda Juhatsu.
In the place (Kume town, Naha city) where Goju-Ryu was born, there is a commending stone monument dedicated Kanryo Higaonna and Chojun Miyagi.
|④Kyoda and Miyagi when they were young. They were rival at the same time as the relation like the brother it|
Gekisai1, Gekisai2, and Tensyo are the kata that Miyagi created. Suparinpei is the kata that was handed down by Bettyurin which was improved and corrected by Miyagi. Higaonna did not teach the kata named Sanparinpei. The Bettyurin that Higaonna taught is maintained with Touon-Ryu that is in the direct line of Higaonna and Kyoda today. Shito-Ryu has the Suparinpei kata but the kata is known as Bettyurin in that school. That kata is, however, the same as Superinpei of Goju-Ryu. It is clearly different from the Bettyurin kata of Touon-Ryu.
Where then did Saifa, Seienchin, Shisouchin, Sepai, and Kururunfa kata come from? It turns out that there is documentation shows that Shisouchin existed before Higaonna. The opening operation of Saifa, Seienchin, Sepai, and Kururunfa do not have sanchin operation. They are, in fact, obviously different from other kata of Goju-ryu. Moreover, these kata do not exist in Touon-Ryu that is in the direct line of Higaonna and Kyoda. This means Miyagi must have had another teacher besides Higaonna. Who was he?
It is presumed that the person who taught these kata to Miyaga is Motobu Choyu (1857-1928). Motobu Choyu was a member of the royal family in Okinawa. This means he had access to many great masters of excellent studies, martial arts and arts from an early age. Moreover, he was a great master of “Udon-di” that was handed down through the royal family.
Motobu Choyu formed the Okinawa Karate Research Club in 1923 as a joint Karate research organization. As a result, a lot of famous Karate masters participated in the club. It so happens that Miyagi Chojun and Mabuni Kenwa took active roles as members in the club staff. Motobu maintained several kata that were able to be known through association with the royal family, Miyagi Chojun learned many of the kata from Motobu. It is believed that Saifa, Sisouchin, Seienchin, Sepai, and Kururunfa came from Motobu because the kata all share similar techniques including joint locks, chokeholds, tighten holds, grappling holds, and throws that are common elements of Udon-di. Motobu endeavored to advance Okinawan martial arts until his death in 1928.
Motobu’s death along with divisions within the sect caused by financial difficulties resulted in the decline and eventual disappearance of the Okinawa Karate Research Club。
Another important person with roots in Goju-Ryu is Go Kenki (1886-1940). Kenki was a naturalized person from China, and his martial arts lines are of Crane Kung-Fu. Miyagi Chojun was always interested in this technique. His strong influence can be seen in Tensyo and Suparinpei. The “Kakufa” kata from Go Kenki is maintained in Higa Seko’s Goju-Ryu as a secret Kata. It also appears that “Yantu” from Mas Oyama’s (Kyokushi-Kai’s) kata is along the lines of the same Kung-Fu. Mas Oyama was coming from Goju-Ryu. It is said that Mas Oyama learned Yantu in Taiwan.
Motobu Choyu(1857-1928) Go Kenki.( 1886～1940)
Sekō Higa (1898–1966) 比嘉 世幸
A relative and last student of Kanryo Higaonna, Seko Higa studied under Chojun Miyagi who was the senior pupil at the time of the death of Higaonna. The idea and action of of their Karate, however, were considerably different.
Chojun Miyagi thought of Karate as physical education, equal with Judo and Kendo. Because he valued school education the first people he taught in Japan proper were university students who were part of the elite social class. In contrast, Higa started succeeding to Naha-Di as a martial art with the center of his activity being Okinawa. Kanryou Higaonna and Kanki Izumikawa were relatives of each other. Moreover, Higaonna and Higa’s father were relatives and best friends. In his boyhood, Higa was exposed to the Karate preaching of his father and Higaonna. It can be said that Goju-Ryu karate was their family’s own martial art. Juhatsu Kyoda was Kanki Izunikawa’s teacher at primary school.
Kanki Izumikawa (1908 – 1969)泉川 寛喜
Izumikawa’s first master was Juhatsu Kyoda. They were relatives. Moreover, there was a relationship between the student and teacher in elementary school. He was the best student of Seko Higa. His dojo, which was established in 1934, was the first Goju-Ryu dojo of the east region of Japan. Goju-Ryu Karate spread from his dojo to foreign countries including Hawaii and South America. When Miyagi demonstrated Goju-Ryu in Hawaii, he was greatly helped by Izunikawa’s father. He was an authority Of Goju-Ryu in Japan proper until his death in 1969.
Shihan Naganuma is the last Shihan that Kanki Izumikawa guided. He succeeded Izumikawa in later year. THe is the Hanshi of YUZENKAI GOJU-RYU
international KARATEDO-KOBUDO Union. He is also Shihan of the traditional Japanese musical instrument “syakuhachi.”
|Kazunori Omoto 尾本一則(1958～)
Kancho Omoto has been studying Karate under Hanshi Naganuma (who was the
last student of Hanshi Izumikawa) since 1973. He also earned a Masters
of Arts degree in Comparative and International Education from the Waseda
University Graduate School of Education,
He lectured in Ethics as a high school teacher for 32 years. During the time period, he has also carefully guided and brought up generation after generation of high school students, athletes and Karate enthusiasts. From 1993 to 2013, he was a position of Saioko Shiihan of WBKL Furinkazan Karatedo which Terutomo Yanazaki, the first champion of Kyokushin, was an originator.
Kancho Omoto's students have made extraordinary efforts, and acquired victories and various
awards in the All-Japan Karate Championships (Zen Nihon Senshuken Karate
Taikai), the Tokyo Metropolitan Area Karate Championships (Wangan Chi i
ki Taikai, the Pacific Ocean District Championships (Taiheiyou Chi i ki
Taikai), and various municipality district championships. Some of them
have become excellent Karate instructors. The Karate instruction in which
Omoto Sensei guided his high schools was a general JKF style according
to the rules for high schools in
那覇手剛柔流空手道古武道勇善会館長 尾本一則 Kazunori OMOTO, Kancho of YUZENKAI
|Training camp for boys and girls(29～30/6/2013)|
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